1). Type A: Commercially Produced Documents – Bogus documents that are produced by commercial interests (acting independently or in collusion with the legitimate document-producing authority [such as through the provision of authentic paper material on which to print the bogus documents, or through profit kickbacks that ensure their continued operation]).
2). Type B: Tampered Authentic Documents – Bogus documents that are issued by the legitimate document-producing authority but with subsequent superficial document tampering done by an unscrupulous member of that legitimate document-producing authority (either acting individually or upon instruction by other unscrupulous members of the legitimate document-producing authority) or by an independent third-party individual or organization;
3). Type C: Authentic Documents with Bogus Information – Authentic documents issued by the legitimate document-producing authority that require no further tampering as the information it displays already reflects the information desired by the migrant. The authentic information is replaced with bogus information by editing the electronic database from where the information on the authentic document is pulled.
These three types vary in terms of their cost, ease of acquisition and ease of verification. Rarely are migrants involved in choosing which type is to be used in producing the documentation requirements that they need as these nitty-gritty details are handled by third-party individuals or commercial interests that help them beat migration control(for a commensurate fee).
Type A documents are the cheapest in cost, easiest to access, and fastest to produce. In Recto Street, found in the Quiapo area which is in Manila, the capital city of the Philippines, education credentials (a diploma, transcript of records, certificate of graduation) can be purchased for only US$10-US$30, taking a maximum of only 1 hour to produce. See some pictures of the thriving, bogus document industry in Recto, Manila, Philippines.
|Picture 1: Smallest Signboard|
|Picture 2: Signboards every 10 steps|
|Picture 3: Signboards on Both Sides of the Street|
Type B documents are harder to obtain as they require having an insider contact or having a contracted third-party agent who will do the needed tampering of information. Verification of the authenticity of Type A and Type B documents is the easiest to do, taking only a cursory check of the information presented with the legitimate document-producing authority.
Below is a sample of a Type B document forgery.
|Specimen 1: Pia's Philippine Passport with a Japanese Surname|
|Specimen 2: Pia's Japan Visa as a Japanese Descendant|